The Legal Environment for Civil Society Organizations in Mexico.

Analysis and recommendations.

This report analyzes the legal environment that Mexican CSOs navigate with the objective of identifying the elements in the normative framework that help to promote the activities of CSOs, as well as those elements that represent barriers for the development of the sector.

This research incorporates the local systems framework by carefully analyzing the systemic elements that have shaped the norms that regulate CSOs and how the roles, rules, resources and relationships within the system have to change in order to modify the inefficiencies caused by the way the sector is currently regulated.

The last twenty-five years have been an important transition period for organized civil society in Mexico. The profile, composition, and sources of funding of the sector, as well as the causes that organized civil society supports, have been in constant evolution to adapt to the changing reality of the country. This transition has been accompanied by changes in the relationship that the CSO sector has with the Government of Mexico (GoM), which is reflected in the laws that regulate the sector and in the manner in which such laws are implemented.

The legal framework for CSOs in Mexico has two, sometimes contradictory, purposes. This ambiguity is the result of the different moments in history in which these laws were drafted and the different views on the role of civil society that usually collide within the government at any given time.